Analyses that have perceptions and you may expectations given that situated variables don’t possess clear temporal buying once the all of the ideational things was in fact counted at exactly the same time at the standard. Parental attitudes fundamentally exist prior to kid’s thinking and you may, if you’re there might be certain determine off child’s thinking into parental thinking, the majority of the latest intergenerational impacts regarding the thinking generally perform out of parents so you’re able to college students (Thornton ainsi que al. 2008). Subsequent, earlier in the day studies have shown you to thinking determine standards, unlike traditional impacting thinking (Fishbein and you can Ajzen 2010). It is beneficial, although not, to keep the potential of reciprocal causation between perceptions off moms and dads and kids at heart as we understand efficiency, while the chances of opposite causation where expectations dictate attitudes.
First, i tested theory step 1 by the exploring in the event the kid’s relationship timing thinking end up like their parents’ https://datingmentor.org/greek-chat-rooms thinking (Arrow 1, Fig. 1 ). Coefficients away from linear regression type kid’s most useful age within relationships receive inside the Dining table 3 . When parents worth more mature many years during the marriage, their children are more likely to value earlier years, nevertheless perception dimensions are modest. Each most seasons away from better decades supplied by a parent and you can dad is actually regarding the a rise regarding 0.05 and you can 0.07 years, respectively, from inside the children’s ideal decades (Activities step one and you will dos). This type of self-confident coefficients to own mothers’ and you can fathers’ top many years and additionally are still the same or is quite less if the a couple of variables is actually included in the exact same equation (Model step three). Due to the fact section imagine to have fathers’ most useful decades (0.07) is actually a bit bigger than compared to mothers’ (0.05), so it difference in the fresh new coefficients is not mathematically extreme.
Coefficients and you will powerful basic mistakes from average least squares regressions off child’s better many years from the wedding (attitudes) (n = 1562)
* p step 1 ) and you will hypothesis step three you to definitely parents’ time perceptions privately influence children’s traditional, online of child’s individual attitudes (Arrow step three, Fig. step 1 ). The brand new ordered logistic regression varieties of children’s presumption from exactly how in the future might marry are listed in Dining table 4 . Activities step 1–cuatro scale timing attitudes since most useful decades at the relationship, when you find yourself Patterns 5–8 size time perceptions of the contrasting children’s baseline many years towards variety of acceptable ages.
Children’s and you may mothers’ greatest ages performed connect with child’s requirement. Affirmed, when people as well as their parents cherished old ideal decades, children was in fact much less likely to expect to get married in the near future. Especially, chances rates to possess greatest decades within matrimony is 0.80 for the kids (Design step 1) and you can 0.93 for parents (Design dos) (Dining table cuatro ). In comparison, chances proportion for dad’s most readily useful age of 0.97 is almost one rather than mathematically high (Design step 3, Table 4 ). These outcomes are also independent; on complete model with all of three family members’ best many years, the odds rates hold almost regular (Design cuatro, Dining table cuatro ).
The point estimates suggest children’s own better decades has got the finest effect on its standard, while you are mom’s most readily useful age try faster influential and you can fathers’ best ages have a little influence otherwise not one at all. Modified Wald assessment demonstrate that the chances ratios on kid’s ideal age disagree somewhat regarding chances percentages for both mom’s and you can dad’s most useful years. not, the effects from mothers’ and fathers’ better ages towards the children’s standard do not differ significantly.
When calculating timing thinking because of the evaluating child’s decades with the acceptable marriage age ranges for someone of the gender, you will find then research one pupils and mothers is both influential, but in different ways. Whenever child’s ages try than the their particular timing attitudes, a definite “too early” effect emerges. In case it is more than five years “too early,” people has actually throughout the you to definitely-half the odds of expecting to marry in the near future compared to whenever it’s step 3–5 years “too early” (Designs 5 and 8). The point rates of just one.31 (Model 5) and you can step 1.35 (Design 8) recommend that in case it is the fresh new “correct time” students enjoys higher likelihood of hoping to get married in the future than the if it’s step three–5 years “too early,” but these consequences aren’t mathematically high. The idea guess for children below the fresh appropriate range, at 1–24 months “too-soon,” ways he’s a little likely to anticipate to marry in the near future which have section rates of just one.17 (Design 5) and you may step one.thirteen (Model 8), but these effects also are maybe not mathematically extreme.